Research and Policy Updates
Our monthly Research and Policy Updates give you an in-depth digest of the latest research evidence and policy information relating to key themes and sector priorities. You need to be a Partner, member or individual subscriber to access Research and Policy Updates.
This month’s Research and Policy Update examines the theme of Exploitation of Adults.
Research summaries explore the experience of young homeless adults; the re-victimisation of homeless adults who have been abused in childhood; the link between child sexual exploitation and the sexual exploitation of women; and finally the health needs of survivors of human trafficking. There are specific practice considerations in relation to policy, homelessness services and health services. However, perhaps the most striking and recurrent points in this month’s summaries are the links between homelessness, childhood abuse and the exploitation of adults. In this respect, there is much that gives cause for reflection on the importance of a multi-disciplinary approach to preventative services.
There is a particular focus on sexual exploitation in this month’s research summaries. It should be acknowledged that there is a broad range of terminology in this subject area, not all of which is universally accepted as defining the issues. Language used in relation to sexual exploitation and its influence on perceptions of abuse is itself an area of much debate, which is also worth being mindful of. For each summary this month, RiPfA uses the terminology chosen by authors.
 Holly J and Lousley G (2014) The challenge of change – improving services for women involved in prostitution and substance use, Advances in Dual Diagnosis, 7, 2, 80 - 89
Relevant RiPfA resources
Appreciative Inquiry is a method to help you analyse situations, make decisions and formulate action plans for change. This tool is a great starting point for practitioners, managers, supervisors and Safeguarding Adult Boards who want to understand more about Appreciative Inquiry and how it can be used to evaluate and improve safeguarding services.
The Care Act has altered the way we need to structure and provide safeguarding for adults. Professor Michael Preston-Shoot looks at the key changes and implications for strategy and practice, and shares the experiences of local authorities who are leading the way in forging effective multi-agency partnerships. He identifies key actions to take to support Making Safeguarding Personal and how to incorporate new areas of practice into safeguarding - including self-neglect, domestic abuse and modern slavery.
Safeguarding adults is about detecting and preventing the abuse of adults who might be unable to protect themselves. It is something that everyone needs to know about. Our Customer Guides are intended to enable service-users to access clear, easy-to-understand information.
The Care Act 2014 makes it clear that involving people in adult safeguarding is expected at a number of levels. This Leaders' Briefing outlines policy expectations and evidence to support progress across the four following areas:
- Involving people in their own safeguarding.
- Obtaining feedback from people who have experienced safeguarding.
- Providing good information and advice on safeguarding.
- Involving communities in the work of the Safeguarding Adults Board.
People with multiple needs and exclusions face a combination of problems at once –including mental ill health, substance misuse, repeat offending, homelessness and poverty. Furthermore evidence shows that services do not provide consistent, effective support. As a result, people are often not able to achieve outcomes relating to improving their lives.
Councillors have a key role to play in raising awareness of this agenda and promoting partnership between key services to develop a more effective response across the whole system. This briefing outlines the main issues, providing key questions and suggested actions.
By working with key partners and contributing to a ‘whole area approach’, strategic leaders in adult social care can help to coordinate the kind of personalised, assertive and persistent support that has been shown to work for people facing multiple needs and exclusions. This has potential to improve health and well-being outcomes, and to save public money through more effective coordination of services and reduced demand in the long-run.
This Strategic Briefing summarises the benefits of a whole area approach and provides guidance on how it can be achieved.
This RPU is also available to download as a PDF file.Read more